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Getting to Know Two Research Projects in Indonesian Clean Energy Transition and Land-use Mitigation

The launch of two research projects - LANDMARC and TIPPING+ brings fresh air to the renewable energy and land-use management sector in Indonesia. Through the international kick-off workshop on March 16, 2021 at 14.00-17.00 (Jakarta Time), (Sustainability and Resilience) officially introduced two renewable energy research projects in Indonesia to the public. Both of these research projects are funded by the European Union Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme.

Dr. Takeshi Takama, CEO of opened the workshop with a call to collaboration to the participants consisting of policy makers at the regional and national level, as well as research partners and international organizations. "(Through this workshop), we move on to the next step which is to scale up our activities and projects. (With the IKI Small Grant Project), we aim to perform carbon offsets through blockchain systems. The project also contributes to conjunction with the TIPPING+ and LANDMARC projects. With synergizing these three projects, we hope to continue the discussion on how can contribute to Indonesia, such as in policy planning and low-carbon development policies" he said.

The workshop, which took place on Tuesday afternoon, was attended by 73 representatives of organizations from various sectors, such as industry, national governments, local governments, NGOs and international researchers. Six key speakers were also attending, namely Dr. Takeshi Takama (CEO of, Eise Spijker (LANDMARC Project Coordinator), J. David Tàbara (TIPPING+ Project Coordinator), Florian Herzog (Program Coordinator of IKI Small Grant), Irfan Darliazi Yananto (Planner of the Directorate of Environment, BAPPENAS) and Trois Dilisusendi (Coordinator of Bioenergy Program Preparation, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources). The speakers explained topics related to land use mitigation, clean energy transition, and biogas with blockchain systems. In addition, the speakers expressed their warm welcome and hopes for this project to help accelerate renewable energy in Indonesia.

Irfan Darliazi as the representative of Directorate of Environment of BAPPENAS (Ministry of National Development and Planning) explained that “there are priority programs and activities, and national priority projects in National Medium-term Development Plan 2020-2024 that includes low carbon development initiatives (LCDI) and improvement of disaster and climate risk. Now, we have to keep the LCDI policies on the track.”

At the Accelerating Clean Energy Transition session, Dilisusendi as the Coordinator of Bioenergy Program Preparation, expressed that "The government is committed to achieving a mix of Renewable Energy (RE) in accordance to the General Plan of National Energy (RUEN) target of 23% in 2025 with the strategies used are substitution of primary energy, conversion of primary energy from fossil fuels, additional capacity of Renewable Energy sourced Power Plant, and use of other non-electric RE (according to slide 6). The government is preparing a National Energy Grand Strategy (GSEN) with a vision to create national energy resilience and independence. In order to successfully achieve the national target of the EBT mix, it is necessary to accelerate the movement towards clean energy. In this case, the government cannot run alone, but needs cooperation and support from related stakeholders. There are several collaborations that can be carried out including: Development of small and medium scale EBT technology in remote areas, funding of green financing, and increasing the capacity of local governments in managing EBT "

These two projects are LANDMARC or Land Use Based Mitigation for Resilient Climate Pathways (2020-2024) and TIPPING+ or Enabling Positive Tipping Points towards clean-energy transitions in Coal and Carbon Intensive Region (2020-2023). Together with local and national stakeholders, including support from BMKG and BAPPENAS, the LANDMARC H2020 Research Project on Land-based negative emission solutions will explore the potential of carbon storage through biogas and compost in Indonesia. A series of data collection, stakeholder engagement, and LMT (Land-use Mitigation Technology) assessment will be implemented. LANDMARC is still actively seeking collaboration with fellow research projects operating in these case studies. Collaborations can include:

  • Exchanging/sharing earth observations data and information

  • Climate change and land-use scenario development and modelling

  • Assessing climate resilience and climate sensitivity of negative emission solutions and co-benefits and trade-offs of land-based mitigation solutions (environmental, societal, economic)

"The Kick-off Workshop hosted by is good starting point…to establish impact and initiate dialogue on collaboration with local, national and international level stakeholders. This Stakeholder engagement should have a continuation … not only for advancing research, but also advancing the implementation of new technology and practices in Climate Change mitigation." said Spijker, LANDMARC Project Coordinator, at the end of the session.

TIPPING+ aims to analyze the social processes and most strategic policy interventions that can lead to deep clean energy transitions in Indonesia. Unlike the LANDMARC project, the TIPPING+ project will explore case studies in Banten and Bali. In detail, the case study in Banten will focus on the use of coal in the electricity system in Banten and promoting the use of household-scale biogas in Bali. The study will focus on identifying those public policy and societal interventions which can have a larger and faster systemic positive effect on transitioning towards sustainable development regional trajectories. TIPPING+ is also actively seeking for collaboration with researchers and Iocal stakeholders. Collaborations can include:

  • Exchanging/sharing social, ecological, economic, cultural conditions to visualize clean-energy transitions

  • Assessing the positive and negative tipping interventions to support clean-energy transition

  • Assessing practical recommendations to support the most effective tipping interventions in CCIRs (policy, environmental, societal, economic)

  • Engaging with local and regional societal actors such as NGOs, coal industries, local and national governments (i.e. co-hosting events), research institutions and local communities

During the presentation, Tàbara emphasized that with the TIPPING+ Project, "We are looking for networks of actions which can enact transformative visions and narratives for creating an alternative and better-off futures for all. The initial idea of this TIPPING+ project was that one cannot foresee and figure out the shape of a solution to work in a particular context beforehand – no universal panaceas for unsustainability – but one had to work and learn closely with local agents about their needs, and support emergent capacities to co-create and adapt these solutions to the context of theirs implementation."

Apart from both projects, has recently awarded IKI Small Grant from GIZ to develop a blockchain system on biogas in hopes of providing financial benefits for farmers and users as well as sustainability benefits for nature and society. More options of household scale biogas implementation are further enhanced to give more benefits for farmers through carbon trading from potential carbon offset.

These projects are very open with collaboration from various parties from researchers, stakeholders and organizations that have projects on the site of related case studies. For more information, contact Sustainability and Resilience ( via email

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