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Alternative pathway of energy transition: What options do we have other than fossil fuel? (Part 2)

Hello, this is Cynthia from Think-team. 😊

As a continuation from my previous blog here: Alternative pathway of energy transition (Part1), allow me to share you more about low-carbon technologies that have different nature from the ones I shared last week.

Despite the important steps in Paris agreement in 2016, market growth for renewable in Indonesia is reported dilatory including meeting its NDC by 2030 (Maulidia et al. 2019; Burke et al. 2019). Renewable as primary energy holds only up to approximately 11% at the national level. The renewables for electricity are mainly geothermal and hydro, and other renewable sources like solar, wind, and bioenergy cover around 8% of the total renewable deployment in Java-Bali connection in 2018 ( You can see the previous blog by our CEO here).

Different nature from fossil fuel, the actors supporting renewable energy are more diverse (not only governmental agencies). Some actors like NGOs, research institutions, and private sectors pictured the future electricity system will be dominated by renewable technologies as the figure below during our engagement.

We can see that from the figure above, solar energy is perceived as a promising option in addition to hydropower and geothermal for the clean energy transition in the future. However, there are some enabling conditions mentioned by the stakeholders. Land provision, human and financial capacity are often mentioned as still lacking before realising the vision. Also, energy decentralisation and grid transformation are considered as crucial to optimise the clean energy penetration. Nevertheless, there are stakeholders who are pessimistic in Indonesia achieving 100% renewable use by 2050. There are reasons, for example the limited resources in certain regions, low demand and oversupply from fossil fuels, and inconsistent policies to enable renewable growth. To solve such complex issues like climate change and energy systems, a solution could be a virtue of interdependent self from all pertinent stakeholders including us as the consumers (further reading about the virtue is from one of the blogs written by our CEO here).

Despite various visioning from the pertinent stakeholders, I suppose the global trend seems to move towards clean energy. With the climate change impacts are expected to be continuous and irreversible, reducing GHG emissions by renewable deployment seems preferable for now, don't you think?

Thank you for reading this blog, please look forward other updates regarding one of our beloved projects, TIPPING+.

See you on the next blog!

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This list of questions was utilised to conduct our European Commission H2020 research project, TIPPING+, in understanding narrative-network dynamics in tipping processes towards low-carbon energy futu

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