Hi, everyone. I hope you are doing well wherever you are.
It has been a while since fewer blogs were posted. But, I will try my best to write something weekly. Although I don't write much, I hope it will be useful ^^
If someone asks me whether I learn every day, I can say that I can learn every day while working here. For example, in a short meeting to discuss a project idea, we can talk about many things, from NDC targets, SDGs, chemical and biological processes, waste management, energy production, plant growths, social justice, data inequality, and other things. So, let me share one of what I learned here: SLCP.
SLCP is a short-lived climate pollutant. There are many fundings for this topic these days, so if you are interested in exploring this topic, it will be a good idea :D
In 2014, World Bank published a short brief of SLCP under climate change topic. To solve climate change issues, SLCP reduction will have a crucial role. So, the question is, what kind of gas or organic matter will be included as SLCP?
SLCPs include methane, black carbon, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), and tropospheric ozone. Some activities can generate these pollutants, such as transportation (diesel fuel), cooling appliances (refrigeration, air conditioner), and traditional biomass (solid-fuel cooking). So, our daily activities can generate these pollutants.
The next question is why this climate pollutant is short-lived.
If you remember the science course in school or university, you will remember the global warming or ozone layers. Those pollutants persist for a short time in the atmosphere but can be extremely potent in terms of their global warming potential if we compare them with long-lasting greenhouse gases (e.g. CO2). Black carbon will stay in the atmosphere for about two weeks, compared to CO2 that lingers in the atmosphere for hundreds of years. The comparison of long-lived and short-lived pollutants can be seen in this table:
SLCPs reduction will provide climate benefits and lead to developmental impacts such as improved economic benefits, life quality, public health, and agricultural benefits. One of the best solutions to reduce SLCPs is through biogas and organic fertilizer implementation. Implementing biogas will reduce emissions from clean energy production, livestock management, carbon sequestration, and methane reduction from organic fertilizer.
If we are talking about Indonesia, there is a huge potential for reducing SLCPs. Based on ccacoalition.org/, Indonesia's agriculture sector is responsible for 7.8% of national GHG emissions, of which 34% are from rice cultivation, 26% are direct emissions from soil and land management, 25% come from other emissions, and 13% from enteric fermentation. So, circular benefits from agriculture, livestock management, energy, and climate change can be optimized to reduce SLCPs.
My question is, what is the easiest way to reduce SLCPs from our daily activities?
Thank you for reading :)