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Bioenergy Implementation in Indonesia Part 5

Hi everyone! What are your plans for this long weekend?

Do you have plans to have a short escape or family gathering? I hope everything is going well! Indri's here from the research team. We completed the first draft of stakeholders mapping for LANDMARC and TIPPING+ project this week. We had some meetings with national and local stakeholders and actors. I remember two topics that we discussed recently with some stakeholders. Those topics are about CCS (Carbon Capture Storage) and Biochar. We discussed both topics with LCDI (Low Carbon Development Initiative) of BAPPENAS (Ministry of National Development Planning) and Directorate of Bioenergy of ESDM (Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources).

There were some key points that we discussed:

- Current CCS technology

- Potential CCS project in Indonesia

- Implementation of Biochar in Indonesia

However, I will not discuss further details on this discussion. So, it will be a teaser of my next post :D

Today I would like to continue sharing about biogas implementation in Indonesia. I wrote about bioenergy products (biomass, biofuel, biogas) and how to convert biomass (feedstock) to be energy products in part 1. I continued to write about bioenergy policy in Indonesia in part 2, then in part 3, I wrote about biodiesel implementation in Indonesia. Last week, I wrote about the biogas-to-energy project in part 4. I think it will be my last part. So, I would like to write about the biomass project.

I will be focusing on writing about biomass implementation in general for this last part. If you ever check the energy report from ESDM, you may find this note: 'The total final energy consumption (without traditional biomass)'. So, what does it mean? It means that there are several biomass consumptions in households, business, and industries, but there is no data yet about them. There is an ongoing project between ESDM and GIZ to collect data on bioenergy implementation in Indonesia, but it focuses only on biogas project in industrial sectors. If you search for biomass use or energy consumption on biomass in Indonesia, it will be forecast data.

So, what kind of biomass implementation projects in Indonesia?

Currently, the Government is working on a breakthrough in biomass use to reduce the role of coal, which is still dominant nationally and to encourage the achievement of the renewable energy mix target in 2025. The development of biomass that will be optimized is from waste and biomass pellets from energy plants. The government will also plan to implement co-fire with biomass at the coal power plant to pursue at least 1-3% by 2025. The Indonesian government, through ESDM, has the strategic plan for accelerating biomass development as a sustainable energy source (ESDM, 2020), such as:

- Encouraging increased capacity of Biomass power plant (project pipeline) by ensuring the commitment of the parties involved in developing the Biomass power plant according to the Electricity Supply Business Plan (RUPTL) of National Electricity Company (PLN).

- Co-firing the Biomass pellets on the existing coal power plant.

Development of small-scale biomass power plants for the eastern part of Indonesia and rural and remote areas extensively.

- Development of energy plantations and sub-optimal land use for biomass in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, related Ministries / Agencies and the Local Government.

- Encouraging the production and development of biomass and RDF (Refuse-derived Fuel) pellets from waste and biomass waste for energy.

A few years ago or in 2019, there was news that the Indonesian Government had installed the bamboo-fueled Biomass Power Plant (PLTBm) to replace the Diesel Power Plant (PLTD) in Siberut Island with a capacity of 1,300 kW. This PLTBm was installed in three villages. Hopefully, there will be more biomass to electricity projects in Indonesia that can do more CO2 free or carbon capture. Then, we can connect this plant with a blockchain system.

Thank you for reading!

Have a good weekend!

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