UNIDO is an agency of the United Nations that specialises in promoting industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalisation, and environmental sustainability. UNIDO LCCR is one of UNIDO’s regional project on Low Carbon Climate Resilient including four African countries: Egypt, Kenya, Senegal and South Africa. The goal of the assessment is to establish the industrial vulnerability to climate change in the four countries. The first phase of the LCCR project consists of two components: national level policy assessment, vulnerability and low carbon industry assessments in selected sub industries. This publication provides the desktop analysis of the agriculture-based industrial development in the abovementioned four countries as well as the vulnerability assessment on their value chain. Results of this assessments will be the basis for producing synthesis reports of industry value chains.