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Climate-related risks in Energy Sector

Hello, this is Cynthia from Think-team! I hope you are doing well wherever you are.


Nowadays, I start thinking more deeply about the climate change impacts on the energy sector because I am preparing for our upcoming collaboration with TigerMOV at the end of this month. Different from a usual topic that I usually explore on how to reduce carbon emission from the energy sector as the mitigation strategy, this upcoming event, I will talk about how the sector shall adapt to the changing climate.


I suppose many of you are already aware that the energy sector is responsible for carbon emissions globally due to intensive fossil fuel combustion to achieve economic growth including in Indonesia. As our energy sector is highly reliant on fossil fuels, this puts the energy system vulnerable. Looking at coal, the locations of coal mining are mainly in Sumatra and Kalimantan island, however, the demand is mainly outside where the mining is (e.g., Java island).




There is a study conducted by the World Bank to assess the vulnerability of the energy sector to climate change. In this study, the World Bank generated the list of climate-induced impacts for several energy sources including fossil fuels the follows.




Given that many coal power plants are located in coastal areas, this infrastructure is perceived vulnerable. For example, coal transportation encountered delays due to extreme weather at the end of last year and the beginning of this year due to high precipitation. Some renewables also cannot avoid the impacts of climate change, like hydropower. In addition to the competition of water use with other sectors (e.g., industry, agriculture), the precipitation change affects the water availability that ultimately influences the operation of hydropower.

This indicates that the energy sector should also adapt to climate change, not only thinking about how to reduce carbon emissions. I will share the potential adaptation strategies in my next blog.

Or perhaps you already thought of some adaptation strategies for this sector? Please share in the comment below 😉


Thank you for reading my blog. See you next time. 🖐🏼


Further reading: https://documents.worldbank.org/en/publication/documents-reports/documentdetail/580481468331850839/climate-impacts-on-energy-systems-key-issues-for-energy-sector-adaptation

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How about you use the framework I made for JICA adoption of 3 components, 1) external stress, 2) existing of vulnerable element, 3) adaptive capabilities of the sector.

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Oktavianna Winda
Oktavianna Winda
Aug 06, 2021

We may start to screening the potential risk due to climate change, then improve & modify the energy plant design accordingly. Also to keep maintaining the whole infrastructure & process. I bet it is more complicated on an implementation basis. I could not imagine it yet😱

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sitiindriani
sitiindriani
Aug 03, 2021

My thesis topic in bachelor and master is hydropower. In my bachelor thesis, I learned and wrote from basic (hydrology theory till thermodynamic theory). For hydropower, I can say that it depends on the scale. If it's only microhydro, the climate adaptation will be related to water flow. But if it's big scale hydropower, it can affect more activities and sectors.

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cynthiaismail
cynthiaismail
Aug 03, 2021
Replying to

Indeed, scale is also important ;)

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