The aim of the Work Package 3 is to investigate energy related policies from the lowest level to the national level. The Indonesian case study seeks to answer three research question. Firstly, what contribution could bioenergy form waste products in Bali and East Java make to Indonesia’s climate change and sustainable development goals? Secondly, what changes are required to pursue the identified bioenergy transition pathway? And finally, what are the key enabling policies and institutions to support sustainable bioenergy development in Bali and East Java? This publication identified the issues faced by the bioenergy development in the mentioned provinces and proposed the solutions to overcome the issues.